What Happens During An Eye Exam?

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Getting an extensive eye examination every year is the finest method to keep excellent eyesight all throughout your life.

How Is It Performed?

While having a thorough eye exam, Calgary patients need to talk about any eyesight issues or worries that you are having. Your eye doctor is going to conduct many different assessments and procedures to evaluate your eyesight and also the general health of your eyes. An in-depth eye exam usually takes around an hour, and it must include these following procedures:

Visual Acuity

A test for visual acuity will be conducted. It will calculate of how good you see or the clarity and sharpness of your eye sight. Your eye doctor is going to ask you to read some letters written on a chart as you stand at about 20 feet away. The tiniest letters you’re capable of reading will be noted as your acuity. Your visual acuity might be recorded as 20/20 when your eyesight is normal. In case your vision is reduced, it could be recorded as below 20/20, for example 20/100. When you have 20/100 vision, it means that you have to be as near as 20 feet to see what an individual with normal eyesight could see clearly at 100 feet. A person with 20/60 vision will have to move as much as 20 feet away to see what an individual with normal vision can read when at 60 feet away.

Confrontation Visual Fields

A confrontation visual field is a brief examination of your fundamental field of vision, such as your central as well as side (peripheral) vision. Your eye doctor is going to sit down in front of you and then request that you cover your one eye. After that, you are going to be requested to say it once you see his or her hand when it comes into your field of vision as they come from the sides.

Extraocular Movements

This examination calculates the muscles controlling your eye movement. It’s usually an easy examination performed by a pen or any small object that is moving in different ways of gaze. Limitations, weak points, and even poor monitoring of visual things are usually discovered.

Pupillary Tests

Pupillary responses (which pertains to the method your pupils constrict and dilate when exposed to light) can show many things regarding your eye health and overall wellness. The nerves controlling the pupil move through a lengthy path in the body. Specific pupillary responses could show neurological issues as well as some serious ailments.

Your pupil responses are examined using an extremely vibrant light aimed at one or on both of your eyes. Your doctor may focus on one eye or swing the light back and forth to study the ways your pupils change.

Cover Test

The cover test is carried out to determine how good your eyes interact. The cover test is an easy test that the doctor requests you to look at on a near or far object. He will cover one eye, pause, and then uncovers it. He’s checking your eye when it is uncovered, while it refixates on the target object.

The cover test aids in detecting crossed eyes (strabismus), lazy eye (amblyopia) or a reduction in depth perception.


Retinoscopy is an examination that offers your eye doctor a method to calculate refraction.

Usually done on the earlier part of an exam, retinoscopy offers your doctor a place to begin when estimating your glass prescription, when needed.


Many people recall refraction as the section of an exam wherein the doctor asks the patient, “which of the lens are better, the first one or the second one?” Refraction is a very subjective examination to determine astigmatism, presbyopia, nearsightedness, and farsightedness. The doctor puts a tool, known as phoropter, in front of the eyes. A number of lens comparisons are displayed to you. The doctor is going to ask you which one of them is clearer. The outcomes of the refraction examination are mainly what the doctor makes use of to make your final contact lens or eyeglass prescription.